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Foton-M 1, 2, 3 (34KS)


Foton-M is an improved version of the Foton microgravity spacecraft.

It has an increased battery capacity using lithium cells, better thermal control and a new telemetry and telecommand unit for increased data flow rate. Orbital life time is 15 days.

The first launch from Plesetsk failed, when the Soyuz-U carrier rocket exploded few seconds after launch. ESA has contracted for two more flights in 2005 and 2006.

Two more launches, then switched to the Baikonur launch site, were successful.

Beginning with the fourth mission, a new Foton-M spacecraft type was introduced.

Nation: Russia
Type / Application: Micro-gravity
Contractors: TsSKB-Progress
Configuration: Zenit bus
Propulsion: 11D82M
Power: Batteries
Mass: 6410 kg
Orbit: 258 km × 290 km, 62.97 (#2); 259 km × 280 km, 62.94 (#3)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Foton-M 1 (Foton 13) 2002-F02 15.10.2002 Pl LC-43/3 F Soyuz-U
Foton-M 2 (Foton 14) 2005-020A 31.05.2005 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Foton-M 3 (Foton 15) 2007-040A 14.09.2007 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U with YES2

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