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EO-MKA (EMKA, Zvesda ?)

The Russian EO-MKA or EMKA is small military satellite optical reconnaissance satellite.

It was built by NPP VNIIEM. It is likely the same satellite identified in earlier reports as Zvesda. The 150 kg satellite was reportedly inspired by the US American commercial Earth imaging satellites of the SkySat 1 series. It features a camera built by the Belarusian company OAO Peleng with a maximum ground resolution of 0.9 meters in panchromatic mode.

Reportedly EO-MKA is the precursor of a slightly bigger 250 kg satellite called MKA-V (or possibly Razbeg), that can make high-resolution images for both civilian and military purposes.

Kosmos 2551 successfully reached orbit, but did not exhibit any signs of activity afterwards. As it did not raise its initial orbit, it is expected to reenter on 21 October 2021.

Kosmos 2555, also called MKA-R, was launched on the maiden orbital flight of the Angara-1.2 rocket in April 2022. The satellite appeared to be dead since separation from the AM upper stage and decayed from orbit on 17 May 2022. It is not clear if it was a failed satellite or only a mass model.

Both Kosmos 2551 and Kosmos 2555 are tentatively identified as EO-MKA due to the similarity of their orbits.

Kosmos 2574 and 2575 have been speculated to be the first two Razbeg (14F169) satellites.

Nation: Russia
Type / Application:
Contractors: NPP VNIIEM (prime); OAO Peleng (imager)
Orbit: 295 km × 307 km, 96.34 (#1); 279 km × 294 km, 96.44 (#2); 328 km × 343 km, 96.35
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 2551 (EO-MKA #1 ?) 2021-081A 09.09.2021 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1v
Kosmos 2555 (EO-MKA #2 ?, MKA-R ?) 2022-044A 29.04.2022 Pl LC-35/1 Angara-1.2
Kosmos 2560 (EO-MKA #3 ?, MKA-R ?) 2022-135A 15.10.2022 Pl LC-35/1 Angara-1.2
Kosmos 2568 (EO-MKA #4 ?) 2023-045A 29.03.2023 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1v
Kosmos 2574 (EO-MKA #5 ?) 2023-209A 27.12.2023 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1v
Kosmos 2575 (EO-MKA #6 ?) 2024-026A 09.02.2024 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1v

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