Crew Dragon [SpaceX]
Crew Dragon [SpaceX]
Crew Dragon Pad Abort Vehicle [SpaceX]
Crew Dragon is a crewed space capsule designed by SpaceX to ferry crews to the International space station. It is based on the unmanned Dragon supply capsule.
Under the Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) initiative's base period, SpaceX will make the final modifications necessary to prepare Dragon to safely transport astronauts into space. These include:
The propulsive landing system was discarded in 2017, but might be resurrected in later versions.
SpaceX will demonstrate that Dragon will be able to escape a launch-pad emergency by firing integrated SuperDraco engines to carry the spacecraft safely to the ocean. SpaceX will also conduct an in-flight abort test that allows Dragon to escape at the moment of maximum aerodynamic drag, again by firing the SuperDraco thrusters to carry the spacecraft a safe distance from the rocket. SpaceX expects to undertake its first manned flight by early 2017.
In September 2014, SpaceX's Crew Dragon was selected for the commercial crew program and received a funding of $2.6 billion.
The first two operational missions were ordered in November 2015 and July 2016.
The first uncrewed flight demonstration mission (DM-1) was launched in March 2019 and docked successfully with the ISS. After the successful return, the capsule was to be refurbished to fly again on the suborbital abort mission test flight, but was destroyed on 21 April 2019 during a ground test of the propulsion system.
|Type / Application:||Manned spacecraft|
|Propulsion:||8 × SuperDraco thrusters, ? × Draco thrusters|
|Power:||Solar cells, batteries|
|Mass:||12055 kg (#1)|
|Orbit:||400 km × 400 km, 51.6° (typical)|
|Crew Dragon 1 (DM 1, Dragon C202)||2019-011A||02.03.2019||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Crew Dragon 2 (DM 2, Dragon C203)||-||2019||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Crew Dragon 3 (Dragon C204)||-||201x||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Crew Dragon 4||-||20xx||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Crew Dragon 5||-||20xx||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Crew Dragon 6||-||20xx||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Crew Dragon 7||-||20xx||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Crew Dragon 8||-||20xx||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)|
|Lunar Dragon 1||-||cancelled||CCK LC-39A||Falcon-Heavy (Block 5)|
* = suborbital