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Crew Dragon

Crew Dragon [SpaceX]

Crew Dragon [SpaceX]

Crew Dragon Pad Abort Vehicle [SpaceX]

Crew Dragon is a crewed space capsule designed by SpaceX to ferry crews to the International space station. It is based on the unmanned Dragon supply capsule.

Under the Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) initiative's base period, SpaceX will make the final modifications necessary to prepare Dragon to safely transport astronauts into space. These include:

  • seats for up to seven astronauts.
  • an advanced launch escape system with powered abort possibilities from launch pad to orbit.
  • A propulsive landing system for gentle ground touchdowns on legs with parachutes as back up.
  • different trunk with fins and body and fin mounted solar cells.
  • a docking system, protected by an open- and closable nose cone
  • Refinements and rigorous testing of essential aspects of Dragon's design, including life-support systems and an advanced cockpit design complete with modern human interfaces.

The propulsive landing system was discarded in 2017, but might be resurected in later versions.

SpaceX will demonstrate that Dragon will be able to escape a launch-pad emergency by firing integrated SuperDraco engines to carry the spacecraft safely to the ocean. SpaceX will also conduct an in-flight abort test that allows Dragon to escape at the moment of maximum aerodynamic drag, again by firing the SuperDraco thrusters to carry the spacecraft a safe distance from the rocket. SpaceX expects to undertake its first manned flight by early 2017.

In September 2014, SpaceX's Crew Dragon was selected for the commercial crew program and received a funding of $2.6 billion.

The first two operational missions were ordered in November 2015 and July 2016.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Manned spacecraft
Operator: SpaceX
Contractors: SpaceX
Propulsion: 8 × SuperDraco thrusters, ? × Draco thrusters
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Crew Dragon 1 (DM 1, Dragon C202) - 2019 CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Crew Dragon 2 (DM 2, Dragon C203) - 2019 CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Crew Dragon 3 (Dragon C204) - 201x CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Crew Dragon 4 - 201x CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Crew Dragon 5 - 201x CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Crew Dragon 6 - 201x CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Crew Dragon 7 - 201x CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Crew Dragon 8 - 201x CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 (Block 5)
Lunar Dragon 1 - cancelled CCK LC-39A Falcon-Heavy

* = suborbital