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Bhaskara 1, 2

Bhaskara 1 [ISRO]

The two Bhaskara satellites were launched as part of the satellite-for-earth-observations (SEO) program, and were placed in orbit by Soviet Kosmos-3M launch vehicles launched from Kapustin Yar.

The main objectives were to conduct Earth observation experiments for applications related to hydrology, forestry, and geology using a two-band TV camera system, and to conduct ocean-surface studies using a two-frequency satellite microwave radiometer (SAMIR) system. Secondary objectives were to test engineering and data processing systems, to collect limited meteorological data from remote platforms, and to conduct scientific investigations in X-ray astronomy. Bhaskara was a 26-faced quasi-spherical polyhedron. It had a height of 1.66 m, and a diameter of 1.55 m.

Named after the two "Bhaskaracharyas," astronomer-mathematicians of ancient India.

Nation: India
Type / Application: Earth observation, technology
Operator: ISRO
Contractors: ISRO
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Mass: 444 kg
Orbit: 512 km × 557 km, 50.7
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Bhaskara 1 1979-051A 07.06.1979 KY LC-107 Kosmos-3M
Bhaskara 2 1981-115A 20.11.1981 KY LC-107/2 Kosmos-3M