Bhaskara 1 [ISRO]
The two Bhaskara satellites were launched as part of the satellite-for-earth-observations (SEO) program, and were placed in orbit by Soviet Kosmos-3M launch vehicles launched from Kapustin Yar.
The main objectives were to conduct Earth observation experiments for applications related to hydrology, forestry, and geology using a two-band TV camera system, and to conduct ocean-surface studies using a two-frequency satellite microwave radiometer (SAMIR) system. Secondary objectives were to test engineering and data processing systems, to collect limited meteorological data from remote platforms, and to conduct scientific investigations in X-ray astronomy. Bhaskara was a 26-faced quasi-spherical polyhedron. It had a height of 1.66 m, and a diameter of 1.55 m.
Named after the two "Bhaskaracharyas," astronomer-mathematicians of ancient India.
|Type / Application:||Earth observation, technology|
|Power:||Solar cells, batteries|
|Orbit:||512 km × 557 km, 50.7°|
|Bhaskara 1||1979-051A||07.06.1979||KY LC-107||Kosmos-3M|
|Bhaskara 2||1981-115A||20.11.1981||KY LC-107/2||Kosmos-3M|