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Bars-M (14F148)

The Bars-M (14F148) satellite is a new electro-optical area surveillance satellite to replace the film-return Yantar-1KFT (Kometa) series and the cancelled Bars (17F112) series.

Bars-M is the second incarnation of the Bars project, which was started in the mid 1990ies to develop a successor for the Komtea class of area surveillance satellites. The original Bars project was halted in the early 2000s. In 2007, TsSKB-Progress was contracted for Bars-M, for which reportedly the Yantar-based service module was replaced by a new developed advanced service module.

The Bars-M satellites feature an electro-optical camera system called Karat, which is developed and built by the Leningrad Optical Mechanical Association (LOMO),and a dual laser altimeter instrument to deliver topographic imagery, stereo images, altimeter data and high-resolution images with a ground resolution around 1 meter.

The satellite uses a propulsion system called SVIT in a non-pressurized service module, which hints a departure from the Yantar satellite bus. A weight of about 4000 kg has been reported. They are planned to operate for 5 years in orbit.

Originally, Bars-M was to be ready in 2012, but due to financial shortages and technical problems, the first Bars-M satellite was launched in early 2015 on a Soyuz-2-1a booster from Plesetsk.

Nation: Russia
Type / Application: Reconnaissance, optical
Operator: VKO
Contractors: TsSKB-Progress (bus), LOMO (payload)
Equipment: Karat imaging system
Configuration: SVIT ?
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 5 years
Mass: ~ 4000 kg ?
Orbit: 565 km × 579 km, 97.69 (#1)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 2503 (Bars-M #1) (1L) 2015-009A 27.02.2015 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1a
Kosmos 2515 (Bars-M #2) (2L) 2016-020A 24.03.2016 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1a
Kosmos 2556 (Bars-M #3) 2022-054A 19.05.2022 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1a
Kosmos 2567 (Bars-M #4) 2023-040A 23.03.2023 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-2-1a
Kosmos 2573 (Bars-M #5) 2023-201A 21.12.2023 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1a
Kosmos 2xxx (Bars-M #6) - 202x Pl Soyuz-2-1a
Further Bars missions:

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