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Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2, LandSpace-2, LS-2)

Zhuque-2 [LandSpace]

The Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2), is a Chinese commercial launch vehicle by Lanjian Kongjian Keji (also known as Blue Arrow Space Tech or LandSpace)F. It is the first liquid methane fueled orbital launch vehicle.

Zhuque-2 is a CZ-2C-class vehicle, which has a diameter 3.35 m and is fueled by liquid methane (LCH4) and liquid oxygen. Stage 1 is powered by four TQ-12 (Tianque-12) engines with a vacuum thrust of 80 t. Stage 2 is powered by a single TQ-12 engine with a larger nozzle for vacuum operations and four TQ-11 vernier engines.

The vehicle is designed to put a 6000 kg payload into a low 200 km orbit or 4000 kg into a sun synchronous orbit.

The first launch took place in December 2022 but failed to reach orbit. The second launch in July 2023 was successful, making the Zhuque-2 the first MethaLOX fueled rocket to reach orbit.

Version Stage 1 Stage 2
Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2, LandSpace-2, LS-2) Stage 1 / 4 × TQ-12 Stage 2 / TQ-12 (Vacuum), 4 × TQ-11
Zhuque-2 (2) (ZQ-2, LandSpace-2, LS-2) Stage 1 / 4 × TQ-12A Stage 2 / TQ-12 (Vacuum), 4 × TQ-11
Zhuque-2 (3) (ZQ-2, LandSpace-2, LS-2) Stage 1 / 4 × TQ-12A Stage 2 / TQ-15A
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2, LandSpace-2, LS-2) 6000 4000 - - - -
No:       Type:       Serial  Date          LS                Payload

 1    1   Zhuque-2    Y1      14.12.2022    Jq LC-43/96  F    Zhixing 1B 
 2    2   Zhuque-2    Y2      12.07.2023    Jq LC-43/96       (Dummy Payload)
 3    3   Zhuque-2    Y3      08.12.2023    Jq LC-43/96       Honghu 1 / Honghu 2 / TY 33



 1: Failed to reach orbit, apparently due to 2nd stage vernier engine issue

Launch sites:

Jq  = Jiuquan Space Center, Inner Mongolia, China China

F       Failure
P       Partial Failure

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