Starship Mk.1 [SpaceX]
Starship SN5 (F1) [SpaceX]
Starship SN8 [SpaceX]
Starship (formerly known as BFR (Big Falcon Rocket and BFS (Big Falcon Spaceship) is a planned very large completely reusable crewed launch system by SpaceX that is intended by the company to replace all SpaceX's existing launch vehicles and spacecraft by the early 2020s.
The rockets are completely reusable on both stages. The expected landing reliability is to be on a par with major airliners. The vehicle has a principal diameter of 9 meters and is built from stainless steel. It is powered by SpaceX own Raptor engines running on liquid methane and oxygen. The Super Heavy Starship will be 118 m high and will weigh 4400 t at launch.
The system consists of two parts:
Launch sites are at Boca Chica, Texas, and at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
The first test version with only three engines, Starship Mk.1 was built in Boca Chica and was to conduct an atmospheric flight to 20 km altitude in late 2019. On 20 November 2019, the vehicles tank bukheads failed during a tanking and pressurization test. Before the incident, it was announced, that Starship Mk.1 would not be used for flight. A similar Starship Mk.2 was under construction in Cocoa Beach, Florida, for suborbital testflights from Cape Canaveral, featuring single weld rings for the structure. This version has also been cancelled with parts already built being scrapped. An improved version with six engines, Starship Mk.3, was to be built at Boca Chica. It will be used for suborbital flight tests, but will be able to reach orbit. A similar version, Starship Mk.4 was to be used for test flights from Cape Canaveral.
A number of prototypes were built and pressure tested, leading to several failures. Eventually Starship SN5 was the first to be flight tested with only one engin and without nosecone or fins on an 150 m hop on 5 August 2020. The mostly identical Starship SN6 repeated this in September 2020. In November, Starship SN8 featuring 3 engines, nosecone and flaps is planned to conduct a flight to 15 km altitude.
|Starship Mk.1||Starship Mk.1 / 3 × Raptor|
|Starship Mk.2||Starship Mk.2 / 3 × Raptor|
|Starship Mk.3||Starship Mk.3 / 3 × Raptor, 3 × Raptor-Vac|
|Starship Mk.4||Starship Mk.4 / 3 × Raptor, 3 × Raptor-Vac|
|Starship SN5/SN6||Starship SN5/SN6 / 1 × Raptor|
|Starship SN8-SN11||Starship SN8-SN11 / 3 × Raptor|
|Starship SN15-SN19||Starship SN15-SN19 / 3 × Raptor|
|Starship SN21-SNx||Starship SN21-SNx / x × Raptor|
|Starship||Starship / 3 × Raptor, 3 × Raptor-Vac|
No.TypNo Type Date LS Payload
3 1 Starship SN5/6 05.08.2020 * BC LP-A Starship SN5 F1 R&D (150 m) 4 2 Starship SN5/6 03.09.2020 * BC LP-A Starship SN6 F1 R&D (150 m) 5 1 Starship SN8-11 09.12.2020 * r BC LP-A Starship SN8 F1 R&D (12 km) 6 2 Starship SN8-11 02.02.2021 * r BC LP-A Starship SN9 F1 R&D (10 km) 7 3 Starship SN8-11 03.03.2021 * r BC LP-A Starship SN10 F1 R&D (10 km) 8 4 Starship SN8-11 30.03.2021 * F BC LP-A Starship SN11 F1 R&D (10 km) 9 1 Starship SN15-19 05.05.2021 * BC LP-A Starship SN15 F1 R&D (10 km) planned launches Launch sites: BC = Starbase, Boca Chica, Texas, USA CCK = NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA
Source: SpaceX Website