Simorgh (Safir-2) is the second iranian space launcher. It might be related to the alleged Shahab-5 IRBM and the North Korean Unha launch vehicle.
Simorgh is two stage vehicle with a first stage of 2.5 m diameter with four engines of Safir-1 heritage. The main engines are fixed, while steering is provided by four small vernier engines. Possibly the first stage shares technology with the alleged Simorgh-5 ballistic missile and is likely based on the North Korean Unha rocket.
A liquid fueled second stage with four engines is probably based on an enlarged version of the Safir-1 second stage. Possibly also a small solid fuel third stage might be carried.
The 25 m high rocket has a capability to put 350 kg into a low earth orbit. It weights about 87 t on lift off.
The first flight took place in March 2016 on a suborbital trajectory. The first orbital attempt was launched in July 2017, but failed.
|Version||Stage 1||Stage 2||Stage 3|
|Simorgh (Safir-2A)||Shahab-5 / 4 × ?||Stage 2 (str.) / 4 × ?||Stage 3|
No: Type Date LS Payload
1 1 Simorgh 19.04.2016 * Sem LP-2 R&D ? 2 2 Simorgh 27.07.2017 F Sem LP-2 Toloo ? 3 3 Simorgh 15.01.2019 F Sem LP-2 Payam-e Amirkabir Planned: x x Simorgh xx.xx.2019 Sem LP-2 Dosti ? x x Simorgh xx.xx.201x Sem LP-2 Zafar x x Simorgh xx.xx.201x Sem LP-2 Mesbah 2 x x Simorgh xx.xx.201x Sem LP-2 Ya Mahdi Launch sites: Sem = Imam Khomeini Space Launch Center, Semnan province, Iran * = suborbital Failures: 2: stage 2 fails after 20 seconds into its 300 second burn. 3: stage 3 failure