Simorgh (2 stg) [IRNA]
Simorgh (Toloo) [IRNA]
Simorgh (Safir-2) is the second Iranian space launcher. It might be related to the alleged Shahab-5 IRBM and the North Korean Unha launch vehicle.
Simorgh is two stage vehicle with a first stage of 2.5 m diameter with four engines of Safir-1 heritage. The main engines are fixed, while steering is provided by four small vernier engines. Possibly the first stage shares technology with the alleged Simorgh-5 ballistic missile and is likely based on the North Korean Unha rocket.
A liquid fueled second stage with four engines is probably based on an enlarged version of the Safir-1 second stage. Possibly also a small solid fuel third stage might be carried.
The 25 m high rocket has a capability to put 350 kg into a low earth orbit. It weights about 87 t on lift off.
The first flight took place in March 2016 on a suborbital trajectory. The first orbital attempt was launched in July 2017, but failed.
|Version||Stage 1||Stage 2||Stage 3|
|Simorgh (2 stg)||Shahab-5 / 4 × ?||Stage 2 (str.) / 4 × ?||-|
|Simorgh||Shahab-5 / 4 × ?||Stage 2 (str.) / 4 × ?||Stage 3 / Salman ?|
No: Type Serial Date LS Payload
1 1 Simorgh (2 stg) MMS.B001 19.04.2016 * Sem LP-2 R&D ? 2 1 Simorgh . 27.07.2017 F Sem LP-2 Toloo 1 3 2 Simorgh . 15.01.2019 F Sem LP-2 Payam-e Amirkabir 4 3 Simorgh MRS.C001 09.02.2020 F Sem LP-2 Zafar 1 5 4 Simorgh . 12.06.2021 F Sem LP-2 ? 6 5 Simorgh . 23.06.2021 ? F Sem LP-2 ? 7 6 Simorgh UKS.C001 30.12.2021 F Sem LP-2 ? / ? / ? Planned: x x Simorgh . xx.xx.202x Sem LP-2 Zafar 2 x x Simorgh . xx.xx.202x Sem LP-2 Mesbah 2 x x Simorgh . xx.xx.202x Sem LP-2 Ya Mahdi Launch sites: Sem = Imam Khomeini Space Launch Center, Semnan province, Iran * = suborbital Failures: 2: stage 2 fails after 20 seconds into its 300 second burn. 3: stage 3 failure