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Simorgh (Safir-2)

Simorgh (2 stg) [IRNA]

Simorgh (Toloo) [IRNA]

Simorgh (Safir-2) is the second Iranian space launcher. It might be related to the alleged Shahab-5 IRBM and the North Korean Unha launch vehicle.

Simorgh is two stage vehicle with a first stage of 2.5 m diameter with four engines of Safir-1 heritage. The main engines are fixed, while steering is provided by four small vernier engines. Possibly the first stage shares technology with the alleged Simorgh-5 ballistic missile and is likely based on the North Korean Unha rocket.

A liquid fueled second stage with four engines is probably based on an enlarged version of the Safir-1 second stage. Possibly also a small solid fuel third stage might be carried.

The 25 m high rocket has a capability to put 350 kg into a low earth orbit. It weights about 87 t on lift off.

The first flight took place in March 2016 on a suborbital trajectory. The first orbital attempt was launched in July 2017, but failed.

Version Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3
Simorgh (2 stg) Shahab-5 / 4 × ? Stage 2 (str.) / 4 × ? -
Simorgh Shahab-5 / 4 × ? Stage 2 (str.) / 4 × ? Stage 3 / Salman ?
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Simorgh (Safir-2A) 350 - - - - -
No:             Type                    Serial          Date          LS          Payload

 1      1       Simorgh (2 stg)         MMS.B001        19.04.2016 *  Sem LP-2    R&D ?
 2      1       Simorgh                 .               27.07.2017  F Sem LP-2    Toloo ?
 3      2       Simorgh                 .               15.01.2019  F Sem LP-2    Payam-e Amirkabir 
 4      3       Simorgh                 MRS.C001        09.02.2020  F Sem LP-2    Zafar 1


 x      x       Simorgh                                 xx.xx.2021    Sem LP-2    Zafar 2
 x      x       Simorgh                                 xx.xx.202x    Sem LP-2    Mesbah 2
 x      x       Simorgh                                 xx.xx.202x    Sem LP-2    Ya Mahdi

Launch sites:

Sem = Imam Khomeini Space Launch Center, Semnan province, Iran Iran

*  = suborbital


 2: stage 2 fails after 20 seconds into its 300 second burn.
 3: stage 3 failure