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Vysota / Volna / Shtil

Shtil-1 (Tubsat N and Tubsat N1)



Volna (Cosmos-Test)
[Cosmos Studios]

This family of launch vehicles are demilitarized versions of the R-29-family of submarine launched balistic missiles.

The Vysota is based on the R-29 (SS-N-8) two staged missile. It is only capable of suborbital flights featuring a modified reentry vehicle. No commercial missions have apperared now. Vysota is submarine launched

The Volna is based on the R-29R (SS-N-18) missile, which features an additional post-boost module. The basic Volna is only capable of suborbital missions. A Volna-O version featuring a small liquid-fueled kick stage developed by Babakin can launch modest orbital missions.

The Shtil is a modification of the R-29RM (SS-N-23) missile for launching commercial satellites. Several versions are offered:

The Shtil-1 is the basic missile with protective containers replacing the four reentry vehicles on the back side of the 3rd stage/PBV. Due to this posion, the payload volume is very restricted. On the first flight, only one container was used, but additional instrumentation was fitted to the 3rd stage. This version is submarine launched.

The Shtil-2.1 features an extension of the aerodynamic fairing for front-mounted payload offering a larger payload volume, but retains the capability of submarine launch.

The Shtil-2R offers an even larger new payload fairing, but needs to be launched from a land base, as it does not fit into the submarines launch tubes.

The Shtil-3 is a projected version with a new upper stage and a full diameter payload fairing. This version is land launched or deployed from an airplane.

The Russian Ministry of Defense in 2010 retracted the offer to make R-29 based missiles available as space launchers, effectively cancelling all future Volna and Shtil missions.

Version Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4
Vysota ? ? - -
Volna RD-0243 ? ? -
Volna-O RD-0243 ? ? TPS
Shtil-1 RD-0243 ? ? -
Shtil-2.1 RD-0243 ? ? -
Shtil-2R RD-0243 ? ? -
Shtil-3 RD-0243 ? ? ?
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Vysota - - - - - - -
Volna - - - - - - -
Volna-O 115 - - - -
Shtil-1 280 - - - -
Shtil-2.1 200 - - - -
Shtil-2R 220 - - - -
Shtil-3 430 - - - -
No:   TNo: Type:            Date:      LS        Payload

 1    1    Volna            07.06.1995    BaS ?     * TCM
 2    1    Vysota           04.10.1997    BaS ?     * (Reentry)
 3    1    Shtil-1          07.07.1998    BaS Nov     Tubsat N / Tubsat N1 / Shtil 1
 4    2    Volna            20.07.2001    BaS Bor  P* Cosmos-Test / IRDT
 5    3    Volna            12.07.2002    BaS Rya  P* IRDT 2
 6    1    Volna-O          21.06.2005    BaS Bor  F  Cosmos 1
 7    4    Volna            06.10.2005    BaS Bor   * IRDT 2R
 8    2    Shtil-1          26.05.2006    BaS Eka     Kompas 2


Flight 4:  Payload failed to seperate from third stage
Flight 5:  Possible failure during stage 1 or stage 4
Flight 6:  stage 1 turbopump shut down after 83 seconds into the flight

Launch sites:

BaS = Barent Sea (Submarine)
      Bor = K-496 Borisoglebsk (Delta III class submarine)
      Eka = K-84 Ekaterinburg (Delta IV class submarine)
      Rya = K-44 Ryazan (Delta III class submarine)
      Nov = K-407 Novomoskovsk (Delta IV class submarine)
*   = suborbital

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