The Hermes-A1 was an experimental mission based on the German C-2 Wasserfall anti-aircraft rocket of World War II.
The Hermes-A1 missile was originally planned for use as an antiaircraft system. Following the establishment of the Nike project, though, the Hermes requirement for a surface-to-air missile was cancelled. An amendment to the prime contract redirected the project toward research, development, and engineering work leading to the establishment of a "family" of surface-to-surface missiles for the Army. The expected developments included missiles, rocket as well as ramjet propulsion systems, launching equipment, and fire control systems. Because of this, the Hermes-A1 was relegated to use only as a test vehicle.
Five Hermes-A1 missiles were launched from White Sands in 1950-51. Three of them were successful.
Nr TypeNr Vehicle Date Subor Suc LS Payload
1 Hermes-A1 19.05.1950 * F WS LC-33 (R&D) 2 Hermes-A1 14.09.1950 * F WS LC-33 (R&D) 3 Hermes-A1 02.02.1951 * WS LC-33 (R&D) 4 Hermes-A1 15.03.1951 * WS LC-33 (R&D) 5 Hermes-A1 26.04.1951 * WS LC-33 (R&D) * = suborbital Launch sites: WS = White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, USA