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SMM (Solarmax)

SMM [NASA]

SMM (Solar Maximum Mission) was a solar observatory, which featured 7 instruments for solar observation:

  • Gamma Ray Spectrometer (GRS)
  • Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor (ACRIM)
  • Coronagraph Polarimeter (CP)
  • Hard X-Ray Burst Spectrometer (HXRBS)
  • Hard X-Ray Imaging Spectrometer (HXIS)
  • UV Spectrometer and Polarimeter (UVSP)
  • X-Ray Polychromator (XRP)

It was based on Fairchilds MMS bus, making it the first space craft designed for in space servicing.

In december 1980, the attitude control system failed due to a fuse failure. The satellite was repaired by astronauts of the 11th Shuttle mission, making it the first satellite to be repaired on orbit. It was originally planned to be returned to earth in 1990 by another space Shuttle to be refurbished as the EUVE satellite, but these plans were finally cancelled.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Solar observatory
Operator: NASA
Contractors: Fairchild
Equipment: GRS, ACRIM-1, CP, HXRBS, HXIS, UVSP, XRP
Configuration: MMS
Propulsion:
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime:
Mass: 2268 kg
Orbit: 566 km × 569 km, 28.5
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
SMM (Solarmax) 1980-014A 14.02.1980 CC LC-17A Delta-3910