PICOSat (P97-1) [USAF]
The PICOSat (Polymer Battery Experiment / Ionospheric Occulation Experiment / Coherent Electro Magnetic Radio Tomography / Optical Precision Platform Experiment - Satellite) satellite is part of the Department of Defense (DoD) Space Test Program (STP) which is executed by the Air Force. PICOSat is a microsatellite built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) in Guildford, UK and partially funded through the DoD Foreign Comparative Testing Program.
The PICOSat mission is to fly and operate four DoD scientific payloads demonstrating vibration damping, battery technologies, and performing ionospheric measurements in support of DoD weather databases. An additional objective of PICOSat is to determine if the non-developmental Surrey Microsatellites are capable of providing cost effective and timely spaceflight for DoD space experiments. PICOSat is designed for a minimum of one year of on orbit operations.
PICOSat is 67 kg satellite based on the commercially available SSTL microsatellite bus. PICOSat will fly in a 800 km circular orbit with a 67 degree inclination. PICOSat uses a gravity gradient boom for stabilization while the body mounted solar panels produce an average on orbit power of 22 W. PICOSat does not have any propulsion system on board.
On-orbit mission control was conducted by the SSTL ground site in Guildford, UK. The U.S. Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs, CO will operate a backup ground station for PICOSat to increase the amount of experimental data.
Note: the satellite is in some sources erroneously designated "Picosat 9".
|Type / Application:||Experimental|
|Operator:||USAF STP (Space Test Program)|
|Equipment:||PBEX, IOX, CERTO, OPPEX|
|Power:||Solar cells, batteries|
|Orbit:||790 km × 800 km × 67°|
|PICOSat (P97-1)||30.09.2001||Kd LP-1||Athena-1||with Starshine 3, PCSat 1, SAPPHIRE|