Persona ? [TsSKB Progress]
The Persona (reportedly also named Kvarts) satellite is reportedly a new electro-optical reconnaissance satellite
Persona features a LOMO-built optical system called 17V321 developed from the system used on the Araks-N (Arkon) satellite and possibly mounted to a TsSKB Progress bilt Resurs-DK1 / Yantar derived or new service module. An illustration published in a Russian military document in contect of the Persona satellite shows a satellite with a new service module and cruciform solar arrays, although it is not confirmed, that it in fact shows Persona.
The first Persona satellite (Kosmos 2441) was launched in July 2008 on a Soyuz-2-1b rocket from Plesetsk. It was the first Russian (incl. Soviet) optical reconnaissance satellite operating from a sun-synchronous orbit. Kosmos 2441 reportedly malfunctioned in February 2009 due to an failure in electronic components.
The second Persona satellite (Kosmos 2486) was successfully launched in June 2013. Reportedly it was delayed, as parts of the second satellite have been cannibalized for the Resurs-P 1 satellite. Reportedly this spacecraft also failed after a short time in orbit, necessitating to bring back the older film-return Kobalt-M satellites into service to bridge the gap.
A third satellite, possibly featuring an Laser communications terminal, has been reported to be due for launch in 2014.
|Type / Application:||Reconnaissance, optical|
|Operator:||VKS → VKO|
|Contractors:||TsSKB-Progress (bus), LOMO (payload)|
|Configuration:||Yantar bus ?|
|Power:||2 deployable solar arrays, batteries|
|Mass:||+ 7000 kg|
|Orbit:||714 km × 732 km, 98.3° (#2)|
|Kosmos 2441 (Persona #1, Kvarts #1)||2008-037A||26.07.2008||Pl LC-43/4||Soyuz-2-1b|
|Kosmos 2486 (Persona #2, Kvarts #2)||2013-028A||07.06.2013||Pl LC-43/4||Soyuz-2-1b|
|Kosmos 2xxx (Persona #3, Kvarts #3)||-||2014||Pl LC-43/4||Soyuz-2-1b||status unclear|