The Persona (reportedly also named Kvarts) satellite is reportedly a new electro-optical reconnaissance satellite, which features a LOMO-built optical system called 17V321 developed from the system used on the Araks-N (Arkon) satellite and possibly mounted to a Resurs-DK1 / Yantar derived structure.
The first Persona satellite (Kosmos 2441) was launched in July 2008 on a Soyuz-2-1b rocket from Plesetsk. It was the first Russian (incl. Soviet) optical reconnaissance satellite operating from a sun-synchronous orbit.
Kosmos 2441 reportedly malfunctioned in February 2009 due to an failure in electronic components.
The second Persona satellite (Kosmos 2486) was successfully launched in June 2013. Reportedly it was delayed, as parts of the second satellite have been cannibalized for the Resurs-P 1 satellite.
|Type / Application:||Reconnaissance, optical|
|Operator:||VKS → VKO|
|Contractors:||TsSKB-Progress (bus), LOMO (payload)|
|Configuration:||Yantar bus ?|
|Power:||2 deployable solar arrays, batteries|
|Mass:||+ 7000 kg|
|Orbit:||714 km × 732 km, 98.3° (#2)|
|Kosmos 2441 (Persona #1, Kvarts #1)||26.07.2008||Pl LC-43/4||Soyuz-2-1b|
|Kosmos 2486 (Persona #2, Kvarts #2)||07.06.2013||Pl LC-43/4||Soyuz-2-1b|
|Kosmos 2xxx (Persona #3, Kvarts #3)||?||Pl LC-43/4||Soyuz-2-1b||status unclear|