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Omega (Kosmos 14)

The Omega satellites were technology demonstrators to develop technologies for the Meteor-1 satellite program.

The two 300 kg satellites tested a three-axis attitude control system, silicium-based solar panels and thermal protection systems.

Two satellites were successfully launched in April and December 1963 on Kosmos boosters from Kapustin Yar. Thes satellites were known a Kosmos 14 and Kosmos 23.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: Technology
Contractors: VNIIEM
Power: 2 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries
Mass: ~ 300 kg
Orbit: 262 km × 445 km, 48.95 (#1); 237 km × 528 km, 48.96 (#2)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 14 (Omega #1) 1963-010A 13.04.1963 KY Mayak-2 Kosmos
Kosmos 23 (Omega #2) 1963-050A 13.12.1963 KY Mayak-2 Kosmos