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NATO 2A, 2B

NATO 2

NATO 2A and 2B were the first generation communication satellites to provide immediate communications links between officials of the various NATO nations.

Both the UK's Skynet-1 and the NATO's NATO-2 satellite programs resulted from the US invitation to join the IDCSP communicaten satellites system. The satellites were to be interoperable with the IDCSP svstern. and the program was initially called IDCSP/A (for augmentation).

The satellites were develloped by Philco Ford Space & Reentry Systems Division. The satellite technology was based on the IDCSP near synchronous satellites, with several improvements implemented. They featured a mechanically despun antenna, that provided increased gain relative to IDCSP and both 2 and 20 MHz channels. The only difference between the Skynet and NATO satelliteswas the antenna pattern which in case of Skynet provided a uniform global pattern and in case of NATO was shaped to cover only the NATO nations, from the eastern coast of North America to Turkey. The Skynet and NATO satellites were placed into a svnchronous orbit and had a stationkeeping capability. The satellites featured a solid rocket motor for apogee maneuver and hydrazine propulsion for on-orbit use.

The satellites were all launched on Delta-M rockets from Cape Canaveral.

NATO 2A was launched on 20 March 1970 and operated for 26 months.

NATO 2B was launched on 3 February 1971. It operated until August 1976.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Military communication
Operator: NATO
Contractors: Philco Ford Space & Reentry Systems Division
Equipment: One 2 MHz and one 20 MHz bandwidth double-conversion repeater
Configuration: Skynet-1 Bus
Propulsion: Star-17A
Power: Solar cells (body mounted), batteries
Lifetime: 5 years
Mass:
Orbit: GEO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
NATO 2A 1970-021A 20.03.1970 CC LC-17A Delta-M
NATO 2B 1971-009A 03.02.1971 CC LC-17A Delta-M
Further NATO missions: