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Mars 2020

MSL (cruise configuration) [NASA]
Mars 2020 similar

MSL sky crane [NASA]
Mars 2020 similar

Mars 2020 rover [NASA]

Mars 2020 is a Mars planetary rover mission planned by NASA with a launch in 2020. The mission will address key questions about the potential for life on Mars. The mission would also provide opportunities to gather knowledge and demonstrate technologies that address the challenges of future human expeditions to Mars.

Mars 2020 will be based on the Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity) design, but feature a different instrument suite.

The Mars 2020 rover will carry following instruments:

  • PIXL (Planetary Instrument for X-Ray Lithochemistry), an x-ray fluorescence spectrometer to determine the fine scale elemental composition of Martian surface materials.
  • RIMFAX (Radar Imager for Mars' subsurface experiemnt), a ground-penetrating radar.
  • MEDA (Mars Environmental Dynamic Analyzer), a set of sensors to provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity and dust size and shape.
  • MOXIE (Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment), an exploration technology investigation to produce oxygen (O2) from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2).
  • SuperCam, an instrument to provide imaging, chemical composition analysis and mineralogy in rocks and regolith from a distance.
  • Mastcam-Z, a stereoscopic zoom imaging system.
  • SHERLOC (Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals), an ultraviolet Raman spectrometer usingfine-scale imaging and an ultraviolet (UV) laser to determine fine-scale mineralogy and detect organic compounds.

In July 2016, an Atlas-5(541) was selected as the launch vehicle.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Mars rover
Operator: NASA
Contractors:
Equipment: see above
Configuration:
Propulsion: 8 × MR-80B (skycrane)
Power: Solar cells (cruise stage); RTG (rover)
Lifetime:
Mass: 3839 kg (launch); 899 kg (rover)
Orbit: Heliocentric
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Mars 2020 - 2020 CC LC-41 Atlas-5(541) with CubeSats

References: