Kvant 2, the first of two expansion modules planned to enlarge the Mir space station complex, arrived at the station on 6 December 1989. The three-section addition, originally called Module D, was launched from Tyuratam on November 26, via a three-stage Proton-K booster. It was originally scheduled to dock on December 2, but was delayed by technical problems. The new module successfully docked at Mir's front axial port. Two days later, a Liappa docking arm re-docked the module at the upper radial port.
A cylinder, it measured 13.73 m long and 4.35 m maximum diameter. Two 26.6-sq-m solar panels provided 6.9 kW of power. The module was divided into a service/cargo section, a payload/equipment section and an airlock permitting easy exit and entrance to Mir during EVAs. Kvant 2 carried an East German multi-spectral remote sensing camera and an Ikar ("Icarus") manned maneuvering unit.
Scientific payloads onbaord were:
|Type / Application:||Space station|
|Operator:||MOM → RKA|
|Configuration:||77K (TKS) based module|
|Orbit:||221 km × 335 km, 51.6° (typical)|
|Kvant 2 (77KSD)||1989-093A||26.11.1989||Ba LC-200/39||Proton-K|