Ionosfera [NPP VNIIEM]
Ionosfera is a constellation of four ionospheric and magnetospheric research satellites developed by for Roskosmos for the project Ionozond.
The space segment of project Ionozond includes fonsists of four Ionosfera and one Zond satellite. The constellation of Ionosfera satellites is designed for the operational monitoring of the magnetosphere and ionosphere, while Zond measures the solar irradiadion.
The Ionosfera satellites operate on circular sun-synchronous orbits (SSO), with a height of about 800 km and located in two orbital planes (two satellites in each plane). Satellites in each plane will be separated by an angle 180°±30°. One of the planes of the orbits is located in the plane of the Earth's terminator ("Terminator" subconstellation), and the second - at an angle of approximately 90° to the terminator ("Meridian" subconstellation).
The sun pointed satellites weight 400 kg and are built for an 8 years orbital life. The spacecraft use APPT-95M Ablative Pulse Plasma Thruster (APPT) for orbit correction propulsion system.
Ionosfera will carry following instruments:
|Type / Application:||Earth observation|
|Power:||Deployable solar array, batteries|
|Orbit:||Sun synchronous orbit|
|Ionosfera 1||-||2017||Vo LC-1S||Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M||with Meteor-M 2-1, Ionosfera 2, Baumanets 2, Flying Laptop, SCOUT, WNISAT 1R, TechnoSat, NORSAT 1, AISSat 3, Flock-2 1, ..., xx, Lemur-2 xx-xx, Lemur-3 xx-xx, SEAM|
|Ionosfera 2||-||2017||Vo LC-1S||Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M||with Meteor-M 2-1, Ionosfera 1, Baumanets 2, Flying Laptop, SCOUT, WNISAT 1R, TechnoSat, NORSAT 1, AISSat 3, Flock-2 1, ..., xx, Lemur-2 xx-xx, Lemur-3 xx-xx, SEAM|
|Ionosfera 3||-||2018||Vo LC-1S||Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M||with Meteor-M 2-2, Ionosfera 4|
|Ionosfera 4||-||2018||Vo LC-1S||Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M||with Meteor-M 2-2, Ionosfera 3|