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Geo-IK-2 (Musson-2, 14F31)

Geo-IK-2 [ISS Reshetnev]

The Geo-IK-2 is a follow on geodesy mission to the GEO-IK series.

The GEO-IK-2 satellite is the basic element of the similarly-named geodetic satellite system intended for performing geodetic analyses. For instance, the GEO-IK system allows determination of the Earth’s gravitational field parameters; creation of high-accuracy geodetic networks in the geocentric coordinate system; observations of the continental plateaus movement, tides and the Earth’s rotation speed. Besides, with the help of the GEO-IK system position coordinates of ground points can be determined with high accuracy, which is crucial for regional geodetic networks, remote sensing of the Earth, determination of the geoid and monitoring of the ice conditions

The satellite consists of a pressurized container, that is 1.3 m in diameter and length, heat-regulation shutters, honeycomb panels (with a radiator), and an astroplate with an antenna assembly and rigidly fixed solar arrays. The satellite is unified with other spacecraft manufactured by the JSC ISS. The satellite unification speeded up the process of its development. In particular, some elements of the electric power supply system and the thruster units of the propulsion system were taken from the Uragan-M (GLONASS-M)M spacecraft, parts of the attitude and orbit control system were borrowed from SESAT, Ekspress-AM and Luch-4.

The Geo-IK-2 satellites feature following instruments:

  • SADKO radar altimeter built by Thales Alenia
  • Laser retro reflectors
  • GLONASS and GPS receiver

The GEO-IK-2 system consists of two spacecraft to perform geodetic measurements and determine orbit characteristics. The satellites are put into a 1000 km orbit by Rokot-KM, Soyuz-2-1v Volga or Angara-1.2 rockets launched at the Plesetsk cosmodrome.

The first launch on board of a Rokot-KM booster took place on 1 February 2011. The launch failed to reach the correct orbit and ground controllers were initially not able to establish contact with the satellite called Kosmos 2470. After evaluations to use the satellite from this orbit, it was finally declared a total loss in June 2011. It reentered on July 15,2013.

The second satellite was ordered to be launched in 2014, but the launch has slipped until 2016.

In August 2012, a third satellite was ordered as a replacement for the lost mission. It is planned to be launched in 2018.

Nation: Russia
Type / Application: Geodesy
Contractors: ISS Reshetnev (ex NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki, NPO PM) (prime), Thales Alenia (altimeter)
Equipment: SADKO radar altimeter, Laser retro reflectors, GLONASS and GPS receiver
Configuration: 3-Axis stabilized Uragan-M bus ?
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Mass: ~1400 kg
Orbit: 1000 km × 1000 km, 99.4° (planned); 319 km × 1053 km, 99.5° (#1, reached); 936 km × 961 km, 99.28° (#2)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 2470 (Geo-IK-2 1, Musson-2 1) (11L) 2011-005A 01.02.2011 Pl LC-133/3 P Rokot-KM
Kosmos 2517 (Geo-IK-2 2, Musson-2 2) (12L) 2016-034A 04.06.2016 Pl LC-133/3 Rokot-KM
Kosmos 25xx (Geo-IK-2 3, Musson-2 3) (13L) - 2018 Pl LC-133/3 Rokot-KM


Further Sfera and Geo-IK missions: