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FY 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, 2G, 2H


China's geostationary meteorological satellite program FY-2 (Feng Yun 2) began its development in 1980. It is built by the Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering.

FY-2 is a spin-stabilized spacecraft with a speed of 100 rotation/min. The satellite bus diameter is 2.1 m, and the total height on-station is about 4.5 m.

FY-2 satellite data is open for international users. User stations covered by FY-2A can receive S-VISSR high resolution digital data and WEFAX low resolution analogue data from FY-2A.

In 1994 the first FY 2 spacecraft was to be launched and was fueled and undergoing final check-out on 2 April 1994 before being mated to its CZ-3 launch vehicle when a fire and explosion erupted, destroying the vehicle, killing one worker, and injuring 20 or more others.

The Chinese Meteorological Administration (CMA) launched the replacement FY-2A to 105 East longitude on 10 June 1997 on a CZ-3 booster from Xichang, and the satellite entered operational service late in 1997. On 8 April 1998, FY-2A ceased transmission of images due to a problem with the S-band communication antenna.

FY-2B was launched on a CZ-3 in 25 June 2000. FY-2C as the first operational model was launched on a CZ-3A on 19 October 2004. FY-2D, FY-2E, FY-2F and FY-2G followed in 2006, 2008, 2012 and 2014 respectively. The final satellite in this series, FY-2H, is planned for 2016.

Nation: China
Type / Application: Meteorology
Operator: National Satellite Meteorological Centre
Propulsion: FG-36 apogee motor (jetisonable)
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Mass: 1380 kg
Orbit: GEO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
FY 2 (FY-2 01) - destroyed Xi LC-3 CZ-3 destroyed in pre-launch explosion
FY 2A (FY-2 02) 1997-029A 10.06.1997 Xi LC-3 CZ-3
FY 2B (FY-2 03) 2000-032A 25.06.2000 Xi LC-3 CZ-3
FY 2C (FY-2 04) 2004-042A 19.10.2004 Xi LC-2 CZ-3A
FY 2D (FY-2 05) 2006-053A 08.12.2006 Xi LC-2 CZ-3A
FY 2E (FY-2 06) 2008-066A 23.12.2008 Xi LC-3 CZ-3A
FY 2F (FY-2 07) 2012-002A 13.01.2012 Xi LC-3 CZ-3A
FY 2G (FY-2 08) 2014-090A 31.12.2014 Xi LC-2 CZ-3A
FY 2H (FY-2 09) - 2017 Xi CZ-3A