China's geostationary meteorological satellite program FY-2 (Feng Yun 2) began it's development in 1980. It is built by the Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering.
FY-2 is a spin-stabilized spacecraft with a speed of 100 rotation/min. The satellite bus diameter is 2.1 m, and the total height on-station is about 4.5 m.
In 1994 the first FY 2 spacecraft was to be launched and was undergoing final check-out on 2 April 1994 before being mated to its CZ-3 launch vehicle when a fire and explosion erupted, destroying the vehicle, killing one worker, and injuring 20 or more others.
The Chinese Meteorological Administration (CMA) launched the replacement FY-2A to 105 degrees East longitude on 10 June 1997 on a CZ-3 booster from Xichang, and the satellite entered operational service late in 1997. On 8 April 1998, FY-2 ceased transmission of images due to a problem with the S-band communication antenna.
FY-2 satellite data is open for international users. User stations covered by FY-2A can receive S-VISSR high resolution digital data and WEFAX low resolution analogue data from FY-2A.
|Type / Application:||Meteorology|
|Propulsion:||FG-36 apogee motor (jetisonable)|
|Power:||Solar cells, batteries|
|FY 2 (FY-2 01)||destroyed|
|FY 2A (FY-2 02)||11.06.1997||Xi LC-3||CZ-3|
|FY 2B (FY-2 03)||25.06.2000||Xi LC-3||CZ-3|
|FY 2C (FY-2 04)||19.10.2004||Xi LC-2||CZ-3A|
|FY 2D (FY-2 05)||08.12.2006||Xi LC-2||CZ-3A|
|FY 2E (FY-2 06)||23.12.2008||Xi LC-3||CZ-3A|
|FY 2F (FY-2 07)||13.01.2012||Xi LC-3||CZ-3A|
|FY 2G (FY-2 08)||2013||Xi||CZ-3A|
|FY 2H (FY-2 09)||2015||Xi||CZ-3A|