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DFS-Kopernikus 1, 2, 3 / HellasSat 1

DFS-Kopernikus 1 [Telekom]

The DFS series of satellites debuted in 1989 with the third being launched in 1992. Ordered in 1983 and produced by the GESAT consortium of MBB (flight segment prime contractor), Siemens (overall prime contractor), ANT Nachrichtentechnik (payload), Standard Elektrik Lorenz (digital switching equipment), and Dornier Systems (ground control system), DFS spacecraft are smaller than TV-Sat: on-station mass of DFS is 850 kg with a 15.4 m solar array span providing up to 1.5 kW of electrical power.

The communications payload includes ten 14/11-12 GHz transponders with five spares and one experimental 30/20 GHz transponder with one spare. At the end of 1994 DFS 1-3 were stationed at 33.5 degrees E, 28.5 degrees E, and 23.5 degrees E, respectively. Like TV-Sat, the DFS Kopernikus series has been concluded.

DFS 3 was leased to the greek Hellas Sat in 2002 as a stop-gap measure. It was retired in 2003.

Nation: Germany
Type / Application: Communication
Operator: Deutsche Bundespost Telekom → Deutsche Telekom
Contractors: GESAT (MBB, Dornier, ANT, Siemens, SEL)
Equipment: 10 (+5) Ku-band transponders, 1 Ka-band transponder
Configuration: GESAT-Bus
Propulsion: S400
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 10 years
Mass: 1415 kg (850 kg BOL)
Orbit: GEO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
DFS-Kopernikus 1 1989-041B 05.06.1989 Ko ELA-2 Ariane-44L H10 with Superbird A
DFS-Kopernikus 2 1990-063B 24.07.1990 Ko ELA-2 Ariane-44L H10 with TDF 2
DFS-Kopernikus 3 → HellasSat 1 1992-066A 12.10.1992 CC LC-17B Delta-7925
Further HellasSat missions: