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Corsa A, B (Hakucho)

Corsa B [ISAS]

The spacecraft Corsa (Cosmic Radiation Satellite) had the shape of an octagonal prism, with maximum width 80 cm and height 65 cm, and was spin-stabilized at a rate of 5 to 8 rpm. The spin axis was maneuvered by means of magnetic torquing. Eleven X-ray detectors of various specifications were devoted to the observation of cosmic X-rays. Four detectors had fields of view perpendicular to the spin axis and scanned over a wide region of the sky in search of X-ray novae and transients. The other seven detectors had FOVs along the spin axis and were used to study selected celestial objects. Observational data could either be telemetered back in real-time or stored in an onboard data-recorder. Telemetry frequencies were 136.725 MHz at 500 mW and 400.450 MHz at 100 mW.

The scientific objectives of Corsa were

  • a systematic survey and watch of short-lived X-ray phenomena,
  • observations of selected X-ray sources with a wide spectral coverage (0.1 to 100  keV.,
  • study of short-term variabilities and pulsations of X-ray sources, and
  • study of the X-ray sky in the sub-keV range.

Corsa A failed to reach orbit. Corsa B, after successful launch, was officially renamed Hakucho, the Japanese word for swan.   

Nation: Japan
Type / Application: Astronomy, X-Ray
Operator: ISAS
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Mass: 85 kg (#A), 96 kg (#B)
Orbit: 421 km × 433 km, 29.9 (#B)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Corsa A 1976-F01 04.02.1976 Ka LP-M F M-3C
Corsa B (Hakucho) 1979-014A 21.02.1979 Ka LP-M M-3C