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Astro A (Hinotori)

Astro A [ISAS]

The main objective of the Astro A (Hinotori) mission was the detailed study of solar flares during solar maximum. Principal investigations were

  • imaging of solar flare X-rays in the range 10 to 40 means of rotating modulation collimators and
  • spectroscopy of X-ray emission lines from highly ionized iron in solar flares in the range 1.7 to 2.0 A by means of a Bragg spectrometer.

Wavelength scanning was achieved by the spacecraft revolution, with an offset pointing of the spin axis with respect to the sun. Investigations of both experiments each had a time resolution of 6 s. In addition, the following investigations were included: three solar flare X-ray monitors that recorded the time profile and spectrum of the X-ray flares in the range 2 to 20 keV. a solar flare gamma-ray detector for the range 0.2 to 9.0 MeV, a particle detector that monitored electron flux above 100 keV. and plasma probes for the measurement of electron density and temperature.

Nation: Japan
Type / Application: Astronomy, X-Ray
Operator: ISAS
Power: 4 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries
Mass: 188 kg
Orbit: 548 km × 603 km, 31.3
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Astro A (Hinotori) 1981-017A 21.02.1981 Ka LP-M M-3S