GSLV Mk.2 (GSat 4) [ISRO]
GSLV Mk.2 (GSat 14) [ISRO]
The indian GSLV (Geostationary Launch Vehicle) series are launch vehicles in the 2500 kg to GTO class, which feature a unusual combination of different kind of stages. The first stage consists of a large solid rocket, derived from the PSLV first stage. It is augmented by four liquid fueled strap-on boosters, which have a longer burn time than stage 1. Each booster is powered by a Vikas engine and remains connected with stage 1 during the flight. The second stage is a liquid fueled stage featuring storable propellants. It is the same as used in the PSLV and is also powered with a Vikas engine. The cryogenic stage 3 for the GSLV Mk.1 version is powered by the russian KVD-1M engine, which was originally developed for a cryogenic version of the Proton launch vehicle. It was replaced by the GSLV Mk.2 version, which features the indian built CE7.5 engine. The GSLV Mk.2C version carries an additional PAM-G upper stage, which provides apogee propulsion for direct insertion into GEO and MEO orbits.
|Version||Strap-On||Stage 1||Stage 2||Stage 3||Stage 4|
|GSLV Mk.2C||4 × L-40H / Vikas||GS-1 / S-139||GS-2 (L-40H) / Vikas||GS3 (CUS-15) / CE7.5||PAM-G|
No: TypeNo:Serial Type Date LS Payload
none Planned: Failures: Flight 6: upper stage failed Launch sites: Sr = Satish Dhawan Space Center (Sriharikota Space Center), Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, India