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Athena

Athena [USAF]

The Athena multi-stage research missile built by Atlantic Research Co. was used to simulate the trajectories of intercontinental missiles in firings from Green River, Utah over a range of 760 km to White Sands. The last missions were flown from Wallops Island with impact into the sea.

The first two stages lifted the upper-stages stack with the payload to an height of about 200 km. The third and fourth stage were fired on the downward arc to increase the velocity to up to 6700 m/s. The rocket was spin stabilized.

During a nine year period, 141 Athenas were launched to test re-entry vehicles and study their behavior.

The larger Athena-H was the follow on vehicle for reentry tests.

Version Strap-On Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4
Athena 2 × Recruit Castor-1 Pedro (TX-261-3) Alcor Alcyone
Nr    Vehicle       Serial  Date          LS                Payload 

  1   Athena        A001    10.02.1964    GR LP-2     * F   ABRES A-1
  2   Athena        A002    28.05.1964    GR LP-2     * F   ABRES A-2
  3   Athena        A003    08.07.1964    GR LP-1     *     ABRES B-1
  4   Athena        C001    28.09.1964    GR LP-2     *     ABRES B-2
  5   Athena        D001    04.10.1964    GR LP-2     * F   ABRES C-1
  6   Athena        C004    07.11.1964    GR LP-1     *     ABRES B-5
  7   Athena        C003    28.11.1964    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES B-4
  8   Athena        C002    05.12.1964    GR LP-2     *     ABRES B-3
  9   Athena        C006    15.01.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES B-7
 10   Athena        D003    02.02.1965    GR LP-2     * F   ABRES P-1
 11   Athena        D002    12.02.1965    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES P-2
 12   Athena        D008    16.02.1965    GR LP-1     * F   ABRES P-4
 13   Athena        B002    22.06.1965    GR LP-3     *     ABRES Q-2
 14   Athena        B001    22.06.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES Q-1
 15   Athena        B003    16.07.1965    GR LP-1     *     ABRES Q-3
 16   Athena        C007    20.07.1965    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES E-1
 17   Athena        C011    26.07.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES E-2
 18   Athena        D005    27.07.1965    GR LP-1     * F   ABRES P-5
 19   Athena        D004    31.07.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES P-6
 20   Athena        C014    03.08.1965    GR LP-3     *     ABRES E-3
 21   Athena        C005    07.08.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES B-6
 22   Athena        C009    07.08.1965    GR LP-1     *     ABRES E-4
 23   Athena        C008    20.08.1965    GR LP-3     *     ABRES B-8
 24   Athena        D009    20.08.1965    GR LP-1     * F   ABRES C-2
 25   Athena        D012    27.08.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES P-9
 26   Athena        B004    14.09.1965    GR LP-1     *     ABRES N-1
 27   Athena        D033    14.09.1965    GR LP-3     *     ABRES C-3
 28   Athena        D006    20.09.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES P-7
 29   Athena        C012    27.09.1965    GR LP-1     *     ABRES W-1
 30   Athena        B006    01.10.1965    GR LP-3     *     ABRES N-2
 31   Athena        C016    11.10.1965    GR LP-2     *     ABRES W-2
 32   Athena        D007    05.11.1965    GR LP-1     *     ABRES P-8
 33   Athena        B007    22.11.1965    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES N-3
 34   Athena        C017    06.12.1965    GR LP-3     *     ABRES W-3
 35   Athena        C023    10.12.1965    GR LP-1     *     ABRES H-1
 36   Athena        C025    21.01.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES H-2
 37   Athena        C030    03.02.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES H-3
 38   Athena        D014    17.02.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES F-1
 39   Athena        B009    31.03.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES T-1
 40   Athena        D019    31.03.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES F-3
 41   Athena        D018    12.05.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES F-2
 42   Athena        D031    27.05.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES E-6
 43   Athena        C019    27.05.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES E-7
 44   Athena        D021    09.06.1966    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES F-4
 45   Athena        D023    10.06.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES QQ-1
 46   Athena        D034    23.06.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES SS-1
 47   Athena        C015    14.07.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES GG-1
 48   Athena        B011    18.08.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES N-6
 49   Athena        E001    19.08.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES I-1
 50   Athena        D029    01.09.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES F-7
 51   Athena        D025    02.09.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES QQ-2
 52   Athena        B015    22.09.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES RR-1
 53   Athena        D024    06.10.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES RR-2
 54   Athena        D049    07.10.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES WW-1
 55   Athena        D036    13.10.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES SS-3
 56   Athena        D035    13.10.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES SS-2
 57   Athena        D039    07.11.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES RR-3
 58   Athena        D041    07.11.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES SS-4
 59   Athena        D020    11.11.1966    GR LP-1     *     ABRES RR-4
 60   Athena        B017    11.11.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES I-2
 61   Athena        D047    11.11.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES WW-2
 62   Athena        D038    15.12.1966    GR LP-2     *     ABRES SS-6
 63   Athena        D042    16.12.1966    GR LP-3     *     ABRES QQ-3
 64   Athena        B045    09.02.1967    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES N-4
 65   Athena        D037    23.02.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES RR-5
 66   Athena        C048    02.03.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AB-1
 67   Athena        B012    16.03.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES YY-2
 68   Athena        D051    17.03.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES SS-5
 69   Athena        D040    17.03.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES QQ-4
 70   Athena        D046    30.03.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES SS-7
 71   Athena        D049    30.03.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AB-2
 72   Athena        E002    31.03.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES I-6
 73   Athena        D043    06.04.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES RR-6
 74   Athena        B031    06.04.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES N-5
 75   Athena        B020    12.04.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES I-3
 76   Athena        B030    04.05.1967    GR LP-2     * F   ABRES RR-7
 77   Athena        B033    05.05.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES YY-5
 78   Athena        B032    05.05.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES N-7
 79   Athena        B034    01.06.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES YY-6
 80   Athena        D053    08.06.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES SS-8
 81   Athena        D050    14.07.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES WW-3
 82   Athena        E003    18.08.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES I-4
 83   Athena        D055    18.08.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES WW-4
 84   Athena        D059    24.08.1967    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES AC-1
 85   Athena        D048    25.08.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES QQ-5
 86   Athena        D057    08.09.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AI-1
 87   Athena        D056    14.09.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AD-1
 88   Athena        C051    29.09.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AH-2
 89   Athena        D066    29.09.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AC-2
 90   Athena        C050    29.09.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AH-1
 91   Athena        B030    11.10.1967    GR LP-2     *     ABRES YY-3
 92   Athena        D063    16.11.1967    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AC-3
 93   Athena        B023    30.11.1967    GR LP-3     *     ABRES I-8
 94   Athena        B022    11.01.1968    GR LP-2     *     ABRES I-7
 95   Athena        B039    18.01.1968    GR LP-1     *     ABRES X-1
 96   Athena        B037    01.02.1968    GR LP-3     *     ABRES YY-4
 97   Athena        B046    21.03.1968    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AN-10
 98   Athena        D068    28.03.1968    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AM-2
 99   Athena        B044    28.03.1968    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AE-2
100   Athena        V114C   29.03.1968    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AH-5
101   Athena        V116B   02.05.1968    GR LP-1     * F   ABRES AE-3
102   Athena        D061    17.05.1968    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES AC-4
103   Athena        B040    18.07.1968    GR LP-3     * F   ABRES AE-4
104   Athena        V120B   15.11.1968    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AN-11
105   Athena        D062    15.11.1968    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AC-5
106   Athena        D045    05.12.1968    GR LP-2     *     ABRES QQ-6
107   Athena        V137D   05.12.1968    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AM-3
108   Athena        V136D   06.12.1968    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AN-3
109   Athena        V118B   13.12.1968    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AC-6
110   Athena        V145D   17.01.1969    GR LP-1     * F   ABRES AM-1
111   Athena        V140D   17.01.1969    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AN-4
112   Athena        B038    23.01.1969    GR LP-2     *     ABRES I-11
113   Athena        B043    14.02.1969    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AN-2
114   Athena        V138D   27.03.1969    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AJ-1
115   Athena        B036    06.06.1969    GR LP-2     *     ABRES I-9
116   Athena        V132D   06.06.1969    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AJ-2
117   Athena        V119D   20.06.1969    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AR-2
118   Athena        V142D   26.06.1969    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AR-1
119   Athena        V147D   10.09.1969    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AS-2
120   Athena        V130D   25.09.1969    GR LP-2     *     ABRES AS-1
121   Athena        V141D   24.04.1970    GR LP-1     *     ABRES CBD
122   Athena        V123D   11.07.1970    GR LP-1     *  P  ABRES AS-5
123   Athena        V144D   08.01.1971    GR LP-3     *     ABRES CCD-1
124   Athena        B035    11.03.1971    GR LP-3     *     ABRES AS-3
125   Athena        V127D   19.04.1971    GR LP-3     *     ABRES SAMAST
126   Athena        V146D   14.05.1971    GR LP-3     *     ABRES TRR-01
127   Athena        B041    03.06.1971    GR LP-1     *     ABRES AS-4
128   Athena        V139D   11.06.1971    GR LP-3     *     ? 
129   Athena        V131D   20.08.1971    GR LP-1     *     HAVE SINEW 1
130   Athena        V126D   17.09.1971    GR LP-3     *     ABRES SAMAST
131   Athena                12.12.1973    WI          *     HEART V4-6763 
132   Athena                30.01.1974    WI          *     HEART V4-6765
133   Athena                25.03.1974    WI          *     HEART V4-6766
134   Athena                25.03.1974    WI          *     HEART V4-6764
135   Athena                28.08.1974    WI          *     HEART V4-6767
136   Athena                13.12.1974    WI          *     HEART V4-7486
137   Athena                20.01.1974    WI          *     HEARTS II RV 106
138   Athena                02.04.1975    WI          *     HEARTS II RV 112
139   Athena                09.03.1976    WI          *     SAMSO 37 (ABRES)
140   Athena                27.03.1976    WI          *     SAMSO 38 (ABRES)
141   Athena                02.04.1976    WI          *     MSV 1
142   Athena                25.04.1976    WI          *     SAMSO 39 (ABRES)
143   Athena                15.12.1976    WI          *     MSV 2
144   Athena                20.03.1977    WI          *     MSV 3


Launch sites:

GR  = Green River, Utah, USA USA
WI  = Wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, Virginia, USA USA


Flight 122 impacted in Mexico due to vehicle problems